The Art of Japanese Funeral Floral Arrangements

the farewell ceremony for actress Kirin Kiki took place on September 30, 2018 | photo courtesy sankei news

Last weekend, at the farewell ceremony for the late actress Kirin Kiki, a large display of white flowers, designed to look like a wave, greeted the constant flow of family members, fans and celebrities that had come to pay their respects, and to say farewell to the 75-year old who had passed away from cancer on September 15. The white wave of flowers was comprised of roughly 1200 chrysanthemums, orchids, and gypsophila (an ornamental flower known as baby’s-breath in the West).

Relatively speaking, the wave of flowers at Kiki’s farewell ceremony was actually quite modest, in accordance with her wishes for a simple gathering. Attempt to search the Internet for 生花祭壇 (seikasaidan, which literally means fresh flower altar) and you’ll see any number of extravagant designs.

the company Ito Sogi has a online catalog of funeral floral altars you can choose from

The wave motif itself is actually a common one in Japan, alongside the mountain. Both are typically used for men because they symbolize strength, but the rules of the old guard are starting to come down. Even chrysanthemums, which used to be the only accepted flower, are now joined by other white flowers, sometimes even colorful ones. But the alter of plentiful flowers is relatively recent, having originated in Kyoto just 30 years ago. This would make sense though because the technology and logistics involved in procuring large batches of fresh flowers is also relatively recent.

this diagram explains the 6 stages of the chrysanthemum blossoms, all of which can be used to create depth within the display | from the book Nippon no Seikasaidan

A lot of money is spent on funeral flowers in Japan. In fact, in 2006 Beauty Kadan became the first publicly traded Japanese company specializing in funeral flowers when it listed itself on the Mother’s section of the Tokyo Stock Exchange. Youkaen, a general flower company that entered the funeral flower business in 1972 now says that roughly 75% of their 50 billion yen in sales (roughly $44 mm USD) comes from their funeral flower segment.

Over the summer, Haruichi Mimura, the founder of funeral flower company Sunvillage, published a massive 480 page book detailing the intricacies of seikasaidan. It’s an extensive look at the details involved in created fresh flower alters: everything from history and tools to the types of flowers and designs. It’s available from Pie Books and also Amazon.

a chapter from the book Nippon no Seikasaidan teaches you how to design a wave of white flowers

the cover of the 480 page book on creating floral arrangements for Japanese funerals


  1. Hello,
    Could you please tell me if this book is translated into english,and if it is how can I order that book.
    It’s the Japanese book on how to do floral arrangements for funerals.Mimura is the author.

  2. I am very very impressed with how funeral flowers are shown as they honor a
    a deceased family member. Before I retired/age 75 — I had an American flower
    business and we did funeral flowers — but, far different.

    This of what is shown is far more impressive than what we did. How very special
    of what you have shown us.


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